# Reading Perfect Numbers as the Ancients Would Have

Reading Perfect Numbers as the Ancients Would Have. We can see that perfect numbers posses a peculiarity. Since six equals the sum of its proper divisors 1,2, & 3. That pattern emerges with all perfect numbers.  Twenty-eight is the second perfect number – it’s the sum of its divisors: 1+2+4+7+14. etc.

### Reading Perfect Numbers – Getting Started

Rank p Perfect number Digits Year Discoverer
1 2 6 1 4th century B.C.[5] Euclid
2 3 28 2 4th century B.C. Euclid
3 5 496 3 4th century B.C. Euclid
4 7 8128 4 4th century B.C. Euclid
5 13 33550336 8 1456 First seen in a medieval manuscript, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, CLM 14908, fol. 33[6]
6 17 8589869056 10 1588 Cataldi[1]
7 19 137438691328 12 1588

Let’s c0-ordinate perfect 28 with the 3 x 3 number square as ancients would have.

How did, say Atlanteans, read such a polarity? Their take on it would be: Creation is Perfect. First of all note the chart above. Digits end in either six or twenty-eight.

 6 17 8589869056 10 1588 Cataldi[1]

The sixth perfect number (just above)  uses both 6 and 28: Fifty-six is double 28 and, of course, 6 is the other perfect number.

#### How Do We Read the 3 x 3 take on 2 and 8?

Their are 82 basic stable elements: Lead is the ash of nuclear fission. Reversed, 28 is a perfect number. Therefore “Creation is Perfect.”

Internal link: Curious Relation of Magic Squares (3×3) & (9×9)